Uganda is the home of different species of primates, like chimpanzees, black and white colobus, red tailed monkey, blue monkeys, golden monkeys, bush babies. The Chimpanzee trekking is an enriching experience that Uganda offers to its visitors and this activity is possible in Kibale National Park, Budongo Forest and Kyambura Gorge (in Queen Elizabeth National Park). Uganda counts an estimated number of 5000 chimpanzees and there are many habituated families.
Uganda is a multicultural and multi tribal society, with at least 34 tribes and languages. Many regions in Uganda have kingdoms including the Buganda, Busoga, Bunyoro and Toro. Kingdoms and tribes are still very meaningful for people’s life and beliefs. The most popular Ugandan tribe is the Baganda, represented by the Buganda king and Buganda Parliament in Kampala (Bulange), where the chiefs (head of clans) sit to discuss the problems and life of their people.
Kampala is the capital city of Uganda, with over 1.2 milion inhabitants (Census 2002). Originally, like Rome, Kampala was founded on seven hills, each with its own particular function (Namirembe, Makerere, Kibuli, Kololo, Rubaga, Mulago and Old Kampala). It is named after “impala”, which is an antelope specie common in the region. Kampala is also the political capital of Buganda Kingdom, and hosts the Parliament (Bulange), the Royal Palace and the tombs of the kings (Kasubi tombs).
Uganda is well known worldwide as home to over half of the world’s population of mountain gorillas. These primates have their natural habitat in the tropical rain forests located in the South West of the country. Gorillas are the main attraction in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and Mgahinga national forest, where ten gorilla families are habituated for the tourist visits. Gorilla tracking is the first choice for any visitor travelling to Uganda, as it is an unforgettable and unique experience. Canyon Safaris offers the opportunity to experience the gorilla tracking safari in Uganda.
Running for over 120 kms along the border of Uganda with Congo, Rwenzori is the biggest mountain range in Africa. Originating from the geological phenomena along the Albertine Rift Valley, unlike many other African mountains it does not have a volcanic origin. Today it is enclosed within the Rwenzori Mountains National Park. In the central part, there are six main mountains. The highest is Mount Stanley, whose main snow covered peak, Margherita, 5109m, is the third highest in Africa, only after Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya.
Sport fishing is done on Lake Victoria and Murchison Falls National Park. The main catch of the Lake is the Nile Perch, which is the largest fresh water game fish in the whole world; the method of fishing is by use of trolling lures. The most common fish of the lake is tilapia. At Murchison Falls, fish are often caught using live bait. Fishing is generally done over a few days, requiring some level of fitness and experience.
The historical Source of the river Nile from Lake Victoria is located in Uganda, close to Jinja town. This is the starting point for the white water rafting route, which is widely regarded to be as exhilarating as the more famous Zambezi Gorge below Victoria Falls. About 10 kms down the river is the Source of the Nile and a series of impressive rapids, fantastic scenery even for spending a relaxing day. The whitewater rafting activities have three options: half day, full day and two days activity, from a minimum of 5 kilometers to 30 kilometers.
Wildlife safari game drives in the National Parks:
Uganda has ten gazetted National Parks, as well as a number of Natural Forests and Natural Reserve areas, with a broad range of safaris and wildlife experiences. Among the significant attractions are: the boat – launch trips and canoeing (in Queen Elizabeth, Murchison Falls, Lake Mburo), nature walks and game drives in any park with safari vehicles.